Christian Perspectives

Seeing the World as a Slave of Christ

1 John 2:10-11

1 John 2:10-11


10 ὁ γαπν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ φωτὶ μένει, καὶ σκάνδαλον ἐν αὐτῷ οὐκ στιν· 11 ὁ δὲ μισν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ στν καὶ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ περιπατε, καὶ οὐκ οδεν ποῦ πάγει, ὅτι ἡ σκοτία τύφλωσεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ.

(10) The one who loves his brother remains in the light, and temptation is not in him; (11) but the one who hates his brother is in darkness and walks in darkness, and does not know where he goes because the darkness blinded his eyes.

Term Tense Voice Mood Person Gender/


Lexical Form
γαπν Pres Act Part N M/S ἀγαπάω
μένει Pres Act Ind 3 S μένω
στιν Pres Act Indic 3 S εἰμί
μισν Pres Act Part N M/S μισω
στιν Pres Act Indic 3 S εἰμί
περιπατε Pres Act Ind 3 S περιπατεω
οδεν Pres Act Ind 3 S οἶδα
πάγει Pres Act Ind 3 S ὑπάγω
τύφλωσεν Aor Act Ind 3 S τυφλόω


Lexical and Syntactic Notes:

2:10 αὐτοῦ is Genative of personal relationship (Plummer, vid lec 9.2)

2:10  Question ἐν αὐτῷ for “in him” or “in light”? See discussion on New American Commentary; author practically settles with both.