Christian Perspectives

Seeing the World as a Slave of Christ

1 John 2:3-4

1 John 2:3-4


3 Καὶ ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι γνώκαμεν αὐτόν, ἐὰν τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ τηρμεν. 4 ὁ λέγων ὅτι γνωκα αὐτὸν καὶ τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ μὴ τηρν ψεύστης στίν, καὶ ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀλήθεια οὐκ στιν·

(3) And by this we know that we have known him, if we keep his commandments. (4) The one who says, “I have known him,” but does not keep his commandments is a liar and the truth is not in him.

Term Tense Voice Mood Person Gender/


Lexical Form
γινώσκομεν Pres Act Indic 1 P γινώσκω
γνώκαμεν Perf Act Indic 1 P γινώσκω
τηρμεν Pres Act Sub 1 P τηρέω
λέγων Pres Act Part N M/S λέγω
γνωκα Perf Act Indic 1 S γινώσκω
τηρν Pres Act Sub 1 S τηρέω
στιν Pres Act Indic 3 S εἰμί
στιν Pres Act Indic 3 S εἰμί


Lexical and Syntactic Notes:

2:3 ἐν τούτῳ functions instrumentally, translated “by” (Plummer Vid Lec 8.2)

2:3 γινώσκομεν indicates certainty of the γνώκαμεν coming to knowledge (fellowship given context) of Christ (see BDAG, 199).

2:4 The TSKS (article-substantive-kai-substantive; ὁ-λέγων-καὶ-τηρῶν) construction makes a close connection between the two substantives (same person; see Wallace, 275).