Christian Perspectives

Seeing the World as a Slave of Christ

1 John 2:12-13

1 John 2:12-13 Prose of Address

12 Γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι φέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ· 13 γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι γνώκατε τὸν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς· γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν.


(12) I write to you, little children, because your sins have been forgiven through his name; (13) I write to you, fathers, because you have known him who is from the beginning; I write to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one.



Term Tense Voice Mood Person Gender/


Lexical Form
Γράφω Pres Act Ind 1 S γράφω
φέωνται Perf M/P Ind 3 P ἀφίημι
γράφω Pres Act Ind 1 S γράφω
γνώκατε Perf Act Ind 2 P γινώσκω
γράφω Pres Act Ind 1 S γράφω
νενικήκατε Perf Act Ind 2 P νικάω


Lexical and Syntactic Notes:

2:12-14 This entire section includes semantic connection between the preceding and proceeding passages with the threefold structure (see NAC, Akin). This structure of the tri-vocatively mirrors the threefold nature of tests.

2:13 τὸν is a substantiver with a prepositional phrase (ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς); (see Wallace, 236).